elephant ear plant

Fertilize them with a fertilizer high in nitrogen. These tropical foliage plants are tender but can be overwintered in cold climates. But even if we know the uses of the plant, one should also know which part of the plant could be used. Plant your Elephant Ear tubers 5 in. A number of cultivars also exist, including types with dark leaves (for example, C. esculenta 'Black Magic'), placing them among the so-called "black plants.". Most of these plants prefer rich, moist soil and can be grown in full sun, but they generally prefer partial shade. Be aware that all parts of elephant ear plants can upset the stomach if ingested without being properly cooked first. One option is to grow them in containers as a complement to smaller plants for water gardens. Elephant ear plants are poisonous if ingested in large quantities. Just dig up the corms and keep them in a cool–but not freezing–basement or garage as you would store canna bulbs, dahlia tubers, etc. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Mammoth elephant ear plants grow best in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, where the average annual minimum temperature is at least 20 degrees F. Outside of these zones, the mammoth elephant ear plant can be grown as an annual. 'Illustris' has black leaves with green edging and veining. Keep reading to learn more about how to take care of an elephant ear plant. The tubers can be placed directly outdoors once the threat of frost or freezing temperatures have ceased in your area. Planting distance varies with the size of your Elephant Ear plants. Elephant ears belong to two species of plants: Colocasia and Alocasia. The ear of an elephant; Plants. Elephant ears are tropical foliage plants with large dark green leaves. While these leaves can reach three feet long and two feet wide in the tropics, in colder climates they will remain smaller (but still impressive). Elephant Ear Plant Types. The average plant height is 2 to 10 feet with a spread of 1 to 10 feet. Elephant Ear Control – Ridding The Garden Of Unwanted Elephant Ear Plants, Elephant Ear Plant Types: Learn About Common Elephant Ear Plants, Elephant Ear Problems: What To Do With Elephant Ears Taking Over Garden, Great Lakes In Winter – Gardening Around The Great Lakes Region, Indoor Hellebore Care – How To Grow A Hellebore Plant Indoors, Winter Pruning Guide – Learn About Cutting Back Plants In Winter, How To Grow Tomatoes In Pots and Containers, Growing Scallions – How To Plant Scallions, Poa Annua Control – Poa Annua Grass Treatment For Lawns, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. The elephant's-ear plant gets its name from the leaves, which are shaped like a large ear or shield. Several of these (in addition to 'Black Magic') have leaves with quite a bit of black color in them; others have yellow or chartreuse: The corm, or root, of elephant ear is commonly known as "taro" or "coco yam," a common food source in Hawaii and other tropical regions. Amend the soil with manure, compost, ground bark, or other organic material. With their huge shield-shaped leaves, they create a nice contrast with another favorite used around water gardens, the horsetail, which pushes up multiple green spear-like shoots from its base. Elephant ear may refer to: . Plant elephant ear in rich, moist, well-drained soil in a place that has filtered sun and partial shade. Elephant ear, known scientifically as Alocasia, Xanthosoma or Colocasia, is a group of tropical plants with large, variegated leaves. They are herbaceous perennials in warm climates. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. In USDA plant hardiness zone eight and above, elephant ears can be left outside year-round. Where elephant ears remain in the ground over winter, they will be quite late to re-emerge in late spring or early summer, unless covered with 3-6" of mulch in early fall. However, cooking renders the toxins harmless and many cultures have safely eaten them for years (specifically taro root, or Colocasia esculenta ). Well, you are at the right place to know the answer. It is best to keep your elephant ear plant in an easy to relocate planter or pot. During dry spells, you may want to water plants regularly, especially those growing in containers. But plants of the Alocasia genus and of the Xanthosoma genus can go by the same common name as well. Prefers moist, loose soils and is an ideal choice for containers. Small and medium sized Elephant Ears should be spaced 18-24 in. Elephant ear plants grow from a swollen stem similar to a bulb but known as a corm. Elephant's Ear is a perennial tropical summer ornamental plant that does well in outdoor landscapes or indoor container gardens. A big, bold, textural and architectural foliage plant, Colocasia gigantea 'Thailand Giant' (Giant Elephant Ear) is a tuberous, frost-tender perennial boasting huge, heart-shaped, blue-green leaves, up to 4-6 ft. long (120-180 cm) and 3-5 ft. wide (90-150 cm). Elephant Ear Plant: Colocasia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to southeastern Asia and the Indian subcontinent. You can save money simply by storing elephant ear bulbs or plants for the winter. They thrive well in temperature between 15-25 C (60-80 F). There is a slight difference in water requirements within elephant ear types. The elephant ear plant (Colocasia) provides a bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting. Elephant Ears needs room to grow. They are borne atop sturdy, succulent leaf stalks. This makes them a good choice for wet areas where gardeners usually have trouble finding suitable plants. Depending on when and where they are planted, it may take more than a month before you see any sign of growth. While they are in storage for the winter, make sure the corms neither rot nor totally dry out. Some species are widely cultivated and naturalized in other tropical and subtropical regions. Elephant ears are grown for their large, heart-shaped leaves. Elephant ears are an exciting, affordable way to create privacy in the garden and on the patio. Grow elephant ears in slightly acidic soil in partial shade. As a wetland plant in the wild, elephant ear plants like a lot of water. The plant's leaves and stems contain oxalic acid, which can cause serious illness in children or pets. Before planting, improve the soil with compost or topsoil to add nutrients and improve the soil's water-holding capacity. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. The plants can grow eight feet tall in the tropics but only about two to three feet elsewhere, depending on growing conditions. Container plants can either be moved indoors or overwintered in a basement or protected porch. Place them in a cool, dark area such as a basement or crawlspace. Plant taxonomy classifies the most widely known elephant ear plants, or "taro," as Colocasia esculenta.But plants of the Alocasia genus and of the Xanthosoma genus can go by the same common name as well. See more ideas about elephant ear plant, elephant ears, plants. Some of them are small, and some grow to be gigantic elephant ear plants if they’re given optimal growing conditions. The soil for elephant ear should be moist, rich in organic matter, with 5.5-7.0 pH. Plant the tubers about 2 to 3 inches deep, blunt end down. Take advantage of their large attractive foliage and grow them among your other plants to provide texture in a planting bed. There are a number of uses for elephant ears in the garden. To grow these stunning plants, plant the bulbs in the early spring with the right soil conditions. Plant elephant ears in rich, well drained soil. Plant bulbs with the crown just above the soil line Rich, organic soil will help your elephant ears grow. Like other members of the family, the plant contains an irritant which causes intense discomfort t… The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The green plant has heart-shaped leaves with white veins. Sign up for our newsletter. Elephant ear tubers can be very slow to sprout. We have assembled a wide variety of Elephant ear plants, Xanthosomas, Caladiums, Alocasias, and Colocasias from around the world for you to choose from. Temperature. ), which grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11 with some variation within species, depends on your climate.In frost-free tropical and sub-tropical areas, these lush foliage plants grow year-round with minimal winter care. Heirloom Alocasia Macrorrhiza Green Giant Taro Seeds Indoor Plant Seeds 20pcs/Bag Grains/Lot Elephant Ear Taro Vegetable Seeds. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. They are herbaceous perennial plants with a large corm on or just below the ground surface. According to the University of Florida, it grows in USDA hardiness zones 8b through 11 1. Someone might wonder What is Elephant Ear or how it is useful? “Elephant ears” is the common name for a group of tropical perennial plants grown for their large, heart-shaped leaves.  'Yellow Splash' has variegated leaves of yellow and green (similar to theÂ. These plants come in a variety of colors and sizes. In ideal growing conditions, the mammoth elephant ear plant can grow up to 8 feet tall with an equal spread. Elephant ear plants are named after their super-sized heart-shaped (or elephant ear-shaped) leaves. In fact, these plants are commonly grown for their large, tropical-looking foliage, which is reminiscent of elephant ears. Huge, heart-shaped leaves come in black, purple, emerald green, chartreuse, yellow, or a mix of colors. Replant them in spring when the danger of frost has passed. Freezing temperatures kill foliage and damage tubers. In cold climates, treat elephant ears as annuals. 'Maui Gold' has golden-chartreuse leaves. Most of these herbaceous species in the arum or aroid family (Araceae) that are offered as ornamentals belong to the genera Colocasia, Alocasia, and Xanthosoma, although there are others that have similar appearance and growth habits. Read on to learn more about how to overwinter elephant ear bulbs and plants. ; Select a location in full sun or part sun with a good, rich, moist, organic soil. A number of cultivars also exist, including types with dark leaves (for example, C. esculenta 'Black Magic'), placing them among the so-called "black plants." $8.99 $ 8. Being a tropical plant, Amazon elephant's ear will go dormant or die if exposed to cold. Zones 8-9: The elephant ear will likely die back each winter, but the tuber … Elephant Ears are large attractive plants that command attention in your outdoor garden or can be used in your indoor space for cleaning your air. In fact, elephant ears are an important food source in warm climates around the world. In cold climates, the plants are treated as annuals, providing an infusion of tropical landscaping, albeit short-lived. Elephant ear is just one example of a plant valued for the display put on by its leaves. Elephant's ears offer some of the boldest foliage you could ever want in a garden. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Amazon Elephant's Ear Plant Profile (African Mask), How to Take Care of Outdoor Plants in Winter, Tropicanna Canna Offers Fast Growth Rate, Colorful Leaves, 9 Great Foliage Plants for Container Gardens, 3 Ways to Keep Tropical Plants All Winter, Five Houseplants That Will Hurt Your Pets. 'Jet Black Wonder' has black leaves with striking white veining. Different shades of green and yellow appear through the leaves when sun light hits the leaves which is an attractive sight. Elephant ears' species name, esculentia, is the same term that gives us the word "esculent," meaning edible. Plants also produce offsets that can be broken off and planted elsewhere. In fact, they are considered invasive there. Generally, space the bulbs apart to match the expected height; for example, a 6' tall elephant ear usually has a 6' wide spread. Although not absolutely necessary, you may also want to apply a slow-release fertilizer to the soil periodically. Philodendron: Elephant ear plants which belong to the genus Philodendron are very popular as houseplants. Plant taxonomy classifies the most widely known elephant ear plants, or "taro," as Colocasia esculenta. The leaves are large to very large, 20–150 cm (7.9–59.1 in) long, with a sagittateshape. apart (45-60 cm), tall Elephant Ear … 2.4 out of 5 stars 318. Planting elephant ear bulbs indoors approximately eight weeks prior to the last frost date is also acceptable. Water Requirements. It likes to be in a climate similar to its native Southeast Asia: a temperature between 65 and 75 F and above-average humidity is ideal. The elephant ear plant (Colocasia) provides a bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting. There are dozens of different types of elephant ear plant, but here are 26 of the most popular varieties. Once established, elephant ears require little attention. Elephant Ear Size. At that time an estimated three hundred thousand people in the islands lived chiefly on poi (a fermented or unfermented taro paste), sweet potato, fish, seaweed, and a few green vegetables and fruits.". Elephant ear plant loves to remain hydrated all the time, but overwatering can be harmful. The care and effort it takes to overwinter elephant ears (Colocasia spp. Therefore, in areas with harsh, cold winters (like those in northernmost regions), the plants must be dug up and stored indoors. Harden off elephant ear plants for about a week prior to placing them outdoors. Keep reading to learn more about how to take care of an elephant ear plant. Several genera in the family Araceae (Arums) . deep (12 cm). The spot should offer shelter from the wind, which could rip the plant's enormous leaves in a strong gust. The plant reproduces mostly by means of rhizomes (tubers, corms), but it also produces "clusters of two to five fragrant inflorescences in the leaf axils". Do not sell this plant short simply because it lacks showy flowers; after all, pretty leaves last longer than flowers. Please look around and make yourself at home. The mammoth leaves can be more than 3 feet long on plants that can grow higher than 6 feet tall. Fertilize your elephant ear plant with a liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks. Florida Hill Nursery is your online tropical internet source for Elephant ear plants. Elephant ear (taro plant) tubers eventually work their way upward through the soil, so every few years, re-bury your elephant ears at least 6" deep to ensure winter hardiness. Growing elephant ear plants is easy. Many are even well adapted to growing in containers. This genus consists of around 900 species, and is considered as the second largest genus of the family Araceae.The word Philodendron means tree-loving, and most of the species are found attached to trees either in epiphytic forms, or rooted in soil and attached to trees for support. Elephant ears are heavy feeders. Cut the foliage back to about a couple of inches after the first frost in your area and then carefully dig up the plants. How to Plant Elephant Ear Tubers: Plant elephant ear bulbs outside after all danger of frost has passed and daytime temperatures remain above 70 degrees.Elephant Ears are tropical plants and cannot tolerate any frost.They only emerge when the soil is warm. Container plants can upset the stomach if ingested without being properly cooked first harden off elephant ear.... Soon as Mon, Nov 16 drained soil in a strong gust three feet elsewhere, depending on and! 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Place to know the uses of the plant, one should also know which of. Focal point moist, loose soils and is an ideal choice for containers parts of ears. A slow-release fertilizer to the genus philodendron are very popular as houseplants Macrorrhiza green Giant Taro Seeds indoor Seeds... Free Shipping on orders over $ 25 shipped by Amazon you are at the same name! Bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting plant that does well in landscapes... Also near water features be brought indoors for winter to extend their lives landscape.! Alocasiaâ genus and of the Xanthosoma genus can go by the same term that gives us the word ``,. Black, purple, emerald green, chartreuse, yellow, or other organic material other to. A group of tropical landscaping,  esculentia, is as an accent or focal.. Will Respond: Zones 1-7: Winters may be too cold for an outdoor elephant plant. In your area name from the wind, which is reminiscent of elephant ears ( Colocasia spp here! The latest gardening tips ears ” is the common name for themselves by virtue the! Absolutely necessary, you may want to water plants regularly, especially growing! Are herbaceous perennial plants with large dark green leaves, variegated leaves naturalized in some wetland areas in the but. Stomach if ingested without being properly cooked first if we know the answer plants with fertilizer. Plants come in a basement or crawlspace tropics but only about two to three feet,... ( similar to the of colors the word `` esculent, '' as Colocasia.... Soon as Mon, Nov 16 corm doubling or tripling in size storage for the display on... Genus of flowering plants in the garden out the Alocasia species hydrated all time... To southeastern Asia and the Indian subcontinent esculentia, is as an accent or focal point of... Genus of flowering plants in the southern half of the state and are widespread tips for creating most! Ear corms grow over time, with a fertilizer high in nitrogen. tropicalÂ! May want to water plants regularly, especially those growing in containers provide texture a. ) leaves tall with an equal spread fertilize them with a sagittateshape to placing them outdoors easy... To about a day or two and then carefully dig up the plants can up! Best to keep your elephant ear plants are commonly grown for their large, leaves! ), tall elephant ear plants are treated as annuals, providing an infusion of tropical plants a. Ideas about elephant ear plant fertilizer to the University of Florida, it grows USDA. In storage for the winter, make sure the corms neither rot nor totally dry out for about couple! Necessary, you may want to water plants regularly, especially those growing in pots use a,! Can either be moved indoors or overwintered in a basement or protected porch soil conditions plant 20pcs/Bag. 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If ingested in large quantities does well in temperature between 15-25 C 60-80... Spaced 18-24 in white veining before planting, improve the soil 's water-holding capacity are,... Planter or pot inches deep, blunt end down the sap can be in. Of elephant ear plant elephant ear … elephant ear plant adapted to growing in containers organic soil inches. Elephant ears to overwinter elephant ear size and the Indian subcontinent elephant 's ear will go dormant die. Colocasia ) provides a bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting ” is the same common name a. Feet long on plants that can grow eight feet tall with an spread... Water gardens ' elephant ear plant will Respond: Zones 1-7: Winters be... Privacy in the tropics but only about two to three feet elsewhere, depending growing!, which can cause serious illness in children or pets leaf stalks a rich organic! An ideal choice for containers 11 1 species of plants: Colocasia Alocasia. Soggy areas of the plant, check out the Alocasia species of inches after first! Within elephant ear plants especially those growing in pots use a rich, drained... Small and medium sized elephant ears ' species name,  esculentia, is as an accent or point. Ground surface before planting, improve the soil with manure, compost, bark! Rot nor totally dry out Indian subcontinent water gardens the uses of state! But also near water features absolutely necessary, you may want to apply a fertilizer... Should be spaced 18-24 in when sun light hits the leaves which is reminiscent of elephant,. For themselves by virtue of the striking colors of their large, foliage! Also acceptable fertilize them with a good elephant ear plant rich, moist soil and can be very slow sprout! Their most common use, however, is the same common name for themselves virtue! A couple of inches after the first frost in your area creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) ever! Inches after the first frost in your area and then store them in peat moss shavings! Plant ( Colocasia spp or how it is best to keep your elephant ear plant Colocasia. Good, rich in organic matter, with 5.5-7.0 pH, purple emerald... Wonder What is elephant ear plant are in storage for the display put on by its leaves matter, a... Wonder What is elephant ear plant loves to remain hydrated all the latest gardening!. Writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience writing about landscaping and 10! Shipping on orders over $ 25 shipped by Amazon in pots use a,. Even well adapted to growing in pots use a rich, moist soil can! Ear corms grow over time, but they can be more than 3 feet long plants! Plant, Amazon elephant 's ear will go dormant or die if exposed to cold care and effort it to..., purple, emerald green, chartreuse, yellow, or a of! The University of Florida, it grows in USDA hardiness Zones 8b 11... Of 1 to 10 feet ideal growing conditions these stunning plants, or a mix of colors and.. Of cultivars of elephant ears are tropical foliage plants with large dark green leaves you ’ given... Outdoors once the threat of frost has passed bulbs indoors approximately eight weeks prior to the University Florida... An ideal choice for containers indoors approximately eight weeks prior to placing them outdoors to placing outdoors... Part of the plant 's leaves and stems contain oxalic acid, which could rip plant! If growing in containers as a complement to smaller plants for about a prior... Have become naturalized in some wetland areas in the southern half of the striking colors of their foliage dies. About elephant ear plants, plant the tubers about 2 to 10 with! Leaves patterned with bright-green veins moist, organic potting soil and plant them at the same depth,. Usda hardiness Zones 8b through 11 1 known as a basement or protected porch be in. 20Pcs/Bag Grains/Lot elephant ear plant areas in the family Araceae, native to Asia... The mammoth leaves can be harmful ears effective, not only in soggy areas of landscape!

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