weaknesses for no till farming

We have products for: John Deere, Kinze, Great Plains, AGCO-White, Monosem, Case IH, and other manufacturers of farming equipment. Tilling is no different. Infected crops residues may serve as a host for disease that can damage the following crops. Well here is the bottom line. Whenever any equipment drives over the surface, the soil becomes compacted. Because top soil is being eroded at a record pace, no processes have been developed for cropland production. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Below are the main drawbacks to no till farming. Several problems dampened the initial enthusiasm for organic no-till. If a producer doesn't think no-till will work and doesn't want to make it work, it probably won't. One of the main problems with Faulkner’s book was that he didn’t offer any workable alternatives for reducing or eliminating plowing.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'agronomag_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_3',125,'0','0'])); During the 1950s, alternative tillage tools, such as the chisel plow, the disk plow or the stubble mulcher became more common. 4. Another risk of no-till farming is that diseases may be carried out by crops residues, since they are not completely incorporated into the soil after the harvest. Lower Fuel Costs: Fewer passes across the field in no till farming will dramatically reduce fuel costs. And we’re proud to be a company that is constantly working to make no till farming easier and more profitable. No-till farming means you are not tilling up the soil. Also, it is often possible to run at higher ground speeds when no till seeding versus in tilled seedbeds where the soil is thrown around too much at higher speeds. It saves the farmer time and fuel costs by not having to make so many passes across the field. No-Till Farmer has put together the ultimate guide including the best ideas and advice to help you succeed in no-till farming’s five core management topics: Equipment; Seeding and Planting; Nutrient Management; Residue Management; and Soil Health. Water is better infiltrated into the soil in no-till farming, but excess water might still become a problem that needs to be solved using waterways, permanent drainways or sod drainways. Photo credit: Jason Johnson, NRCS-Iowa. Not Appropriate for Every Soil Type; No-tillage farming … There are both advantages and disadvantages to no till farming. increased international publicity and concern, the debate over no-till or conventional tillage farming has escalated to a heated argument. Share on … Spread your residue during fall harvest. No-till farming, as its name indicates, does away with the plowing of the soil between crops. With a handle, he prods near the base of the green winter wheat at what resembles a class reunion for old crop residue. In the case of farmers switching from tillage to no-till farming, additional investments in equipment will most likely be necessary, because this technology requires special seeding equipment, able to penetrate crop residues and soil in order to plant the seeds. Therefore, most farmers are using an increasing number of chemicals in order to eliminate weeds. An estimated 9.8 billion tonnes of Use these 5 tips to go from no-till-curious to no-till farmer. Get essential tips and techniques that successful no-till farmers use to boost crop yields and increase profits! A Case for No-Till Farming. Rather than using plows, spades, hoes, or other tools to routinely “turn over” soil, it is more or less left alone. Potential Increased Chemical Use: While no till farming can actually help curb fast growing weeds, most types of no till farming still require the use of herbicides. See more ideas about no till farming, organic vegetable garden, garden plants vegetable. In the long run, tillage leads to more tillage, and the soil becomes in ever worsening condition. While no-till farming reduces the amount of erosion that might occur in the field, and gullies that form into the soil, even if less soil is displaced, will become deeper and deeper, with each year that passes by. "No-till farming" sounds pretty dull at first. No till soil (left) compared with compacted tilled soil (right). Special Machinery is Required; No-tillage farming may require special machinery such as a “no-till drill” to drill through crop residue. On one hand, the thriving soil ecology in a no till garden can reduce the chance of any one organism (i.e., pest) becoming a problem. The production benefits of no-till are greater in year 20 than in year two. In general, though, that money can be recouped through higher crop yields, labor savings and selling off of old tillage equipment and downsizing tractors or eliminating extra tractors that are no longer needed. The following are trademarks owned by Exapta Solutions, Inc: Exapta, Thompson Wheel, Valion Guard, Ninja Flap, DuraLok. No-till farming may yield fewer crops in the immediate future, but it is a positive step towards sustainable farming. U.S. Patent No. Spread your residue during fall harvest. 1 Comment. In the 1970s it became harder for farmers to afford the equipment and time necessary to do primary tillage on large fields. Another important benefit is the fact that the soil structure is improved. Keeton is a trademark of Precision Planting. The Pros and Cons of No-Till Farming So you are thinking of making a change but want to weigh your options? Builds soil structure and health. However, by leaving weed seeds on top of the soil surface where they are prone to being eaten by insects, birds, and mice, or rotting away, helps keep weeds in check. The most common solution is to rotate crops that are not susceptible to the same diseases, but this can cause difficulties for farmers who want to grow monocultures. There are a number of benefits to this type of farming. Saves You Time: You will only have to pass over a field just once (rather than three or more times), no till farming saves you in labor costs and can also help you get your crops planted before the soil dries too much. as ‘min-till’ or ‘no-till’) systems. Major changes will be observed starting with the third year when the farmers will probably question the efficiency of no-till and be tempted to abandon it. 1. Farming equipment is heavy and presses down the water and air present in soil pockets. A step by step guide to zero tillage farming advantages, practices. 2. To achieve this, organic farming and permaculture practitioners need a very good understanding of the functioning of green crops and rotations, which are the main mechanisms of preventing weeds. Pros And Cons Of No Till Farming 1605 Words | 7 Pages. Conservation tillage means any minimal tillage system that leaves sufficient crop residue to cover the soil surface by at least 30%. Worldwide, the no-till technology is practiced on an area of more than 100 million hectares, mostly in Latin America, USA and Australia, and only in small proportions in other parts of the world. Copyright document.write(new Date().getFullYear()), Exapta Solutions, Inc. No Till Equipment – Parts, Add-Ons, and Products For Drills And Planters. If a farmer has used the traditional tilling method for years to produce the same crops each season, then the soil base will become incredibly compact. Does Organic Agriculture Use No-Till Farming? Usually, some of the heaviest farming equipment are grain carts and combines. No-till minimizes soil disturbance while leaving valuable cover and reducing erosion. Cons of No-Till Farming 1. Below are the top no till farming tips, which can help you to save time and produce higher crop yields.. No-till: Excellent erosion control. Plowing isn’t the only way to prepare a field for next spring’s planting. By David R. Montgomery on June 30, 2008; Share on Facebook. Production in the first year of no-till will not undergo a significant change, and the farmers will be pleased with their investment. Here are some pros and cons of no-till farming. It saves money for the farmer. Lastly, no-till farming takes time. In Europe, a large part of the chemicals used in no-till farming are banned. In addition, genetically modified cultures that are more resilient to the chemicals used to eliminate weeds are used in no-till farming, which brings further other controversies, especially for farmers who don’t want to grow such crops. Therefore, it’s necessary to consider that investments made in no-till farming will probably not be returned in short periods of time. Pearl farming and its impact on marine life, Monsanto sentenced to pay $289 million damage following claims that one of its herbicides causes cancer, The World’s Best Agricultural Shows of 2019, Best types of mangoes with high commercial value and delicious taste, How the coronavirus outbreak impacts China’s agriculture and livestock breeding, 22 books about farming, food and agricultural innovations, The World’s Best Agricultural Shows of 2020, How to plant, care, grow and harvest lavender. One of the main advantages is the reduced cost for labor, equipment and fuel. By avoiding tillage, soil organic matter can increase, and this is the Number One factor for productive soils. No postplant weeding, cultivation, or herbicide applications were done in these crops. Benefits of No-Till Versus Till Hemp Farming. Please note that the information on this website is for general informational and educational purposes only. Using microorganisms through compost extracts and other biological methods; Reducing or eliminating tillage, using no-till drills. Less Soil Erosion: In no till farming, the soil is more resistant to erosion caused by wind and water. U.S. patents are pending on the Ninja Seed Bounce Flap and UniForce. Saves You Time: You will only have to pass over a field just once (rather than three or more times), no till farming saves you in labor costs and can also help you get your crops planted before the soil dries too much. Generally, although the farmer can recoup the money invested through higher crop yields, the farmer may eventually spend more on labor and the equipment. Soil moisture conservation. This is the reason for most no-till failures. This leads to a higher labor productivity, because it saves time and money in the processes needed to prepare the soil for seeding. It is undoubtedly that no-till farming encourages the soil to hold more water than in plowing, and this helps in plant growth. But it's an important idea. We ship all of our no till products everywhere – across the U.S., Canada, and the world. . Because during this time the soil restores its structure, it creates new layers and makes up the top layer that is rich in nutrients. but in a much more restrained way. This book is a comprehensive summary of current global research on no-till farming, and its benefits and challenges from various agronomic, environmental, social and economic perspectives. Therefore, most farmers are using an increasing number of chemicals in order to eliminate weeds. No-till farming allowed farmers to use marginal, steeper lands, requiring less fuel, energy, equipment and time. Your email address will not be published. Increased dependence on herbicides. Use these 5 tips to go from no-till-curious to no-till farmer. No-till farming, in which the soil is left undisturbed by tillage and the residue is left on the soil surface, is the most effective soil conservation system. This is why no-till is widely spread in the USA, opposite to Europe. The main feature of this technology is that there is no plowing; the soil is tampered with machines with disks or teeth, or a combination of discs and teeth. Photo Credit: Jason Johnson, USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service. Previous farm practices used to plow up the soil and turn it over in the field. Loss of structure makes the soil less able to support heavy loads, such as the wheel traffic from tillage operations. Conservation tillage, or minimum tillage, is a broadly defined practice that includes no-till, strip till, ridge till, and mulch till systems. No-Till Farming. No-till gardening, also known as ‘no-dig’ gardening, is the practice of avoiding the intentional disruption of soil. In normal tillage, the entire field is turned into a seedbed that may be mounded for planting. No till farming is also referred to as zero tillage farming. Tillage disrupts the natural structure of the soil, especially when it’s done repeatedly. List of the Pros of No-Till Farming. Healthier Soil: In fields that are not tilled, when the plant residues decompose at a natural pace on the soil surface, many life forms increase in and on the soil. Very clear and I … This is why no-till is widely spread in the USA, opposite to Europe. In no-till farming, where plowing is reduced and often eliminated, eliminating weeds may seem an impossible task. 1. Such equipment can cost more than $100,000[sc:1]. If a farmer decides to embrace the idea of no-till farming, then they are … No-till farming has gained enough traction for many companies to manufacture special no-till equipment, such as this no-till air drill from John Deere. Note: We sell over 100 add-ons, attachments, parts, and equipment to make no till farming easier and more efficient. Figure credits: Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological Farming. Maintaining high amounts of mulch cover also reduces runoff and the tendency to form rills or gullies. SUNUP's Dave Deken visits Craig county producer, Jay Franklin and learns why he has been no-till farming in eastern Oklahoma for 25 years. The price of diesel alone is … The slow pace at which soil rebuilds makes its conservation essential. As simple as it may seem, the implementation can be rather complicated for an inexperienced person. No-till farming promises a solution that could fix this problem, but there are several pros and cons to consider. 1. Initial Costs of No-till Equipment are High. Photo Credit: Jason Johnson, USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service. No-till farming also does this . By leaving more crops residue on the soil’s surface during the periods in which no crops are growing, it’s possible to reduce the erosion that might occur. Still, no till does require more skilled management. While the cost associated with acquiring such equipment will eventually be covered by the fuel and labor savings mentioned above, it’s still a sizable expense that requires capital or financing. This creates a healthier field ecology, which contributes to fewer flare-ups of damaging insects. Lower Fuel Costs: Fewer passes across the field in … During regular plowing, these gullies are smoothed out, allowing the drainage of excess water. The diagram below gives a visual of the difference between conventional tillage and no-till. At the same time, it became more and more important to conserve water and soil. However, the scientific research on conservation tillage does not support the position that min or no-till be adopted as a guaranteed method of cutting farming’s net greenhouse gas emissions. Through tilling, soil diseases and pests are exposed to the air and elements, thereby reducing their viability. A Case for No-Till Farming. No-till farming is a great way of preserving the top soil and also a preventive measure from soil erosion through wind or water. The reality of no-till farming is that it is a fairly significant process that required continued adaptation to be a successful experience. Loss of structure also makes the soil inherently more vulnerable to compaction. No-till farming is a commitment to a long- term process of soil management. As said before, it takes at least 3 or 4 years to see the results of no-till faming, because the soil needs to regain its structure before farmers are able to obtain big gains in yield. Learning Curve For No Till Planting: Some people do not want to learn the new techniques of no till farming, preferring to stick with conventional tillage. It allows croplands to maximize yields so that everyone has enough to eat. There are now many resources and programs available to farmers who wish to transition and move forward with no-tillage farming. 6. Less Soil Moisture Loss: No till seeding leaves plant residues on the ground, which can help keep the soil moist and protect against evaporation caused by sun and wind. This layer is called hardpan. Good used no till equipment is readily available in most places. No-till farming was cheaper to implement than other conservation practices, such as terracing. ... farming reduced soil erosion by more than 90 percent over conventional tobacco cultivation. There wasn’t enough workforce, farm prices were dropping, but the energy and land prices were constantly increasing. One of the major no-till farming disadvantages is the necessity of increased weed control that involves industrial herbicide applications and its consequences for mankind and nature. The term basically describes ways to grow crops each year without disturbing the soil through tillage or plowing. Thus, the no-till technology reduces the amount of equipment used; hence soil compaction is significantly reduced.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'agronomag_com-banner-1','ezslot_17',120,'0','0'])); The main disadvantage of the no-till technology is the farmers have no mechanical control over weeds, by not using tillage. Advantages Reducing fuel, labor, and equipment costs are the biggest benefits of not doing any tillage. No-Till Gardening . At the ground, when the works are successive year after year at the same working depth, a compact layer at the depth of plowing of 30-35 cm is created. 8,978,564 for the Valion Seed Tube Guards. Required fields are marked *. Tillage busts up the natural soil structure. No incorporation. Cons of no-tillage farming. No till farming, without the plow, leaves top soil largely intact and more resistant to desedimentation. This briefing aims to set out the extent of current knowledge on this topic. Advantages of No Till Farming Many people think that soil needs to be loosened with tillage, for water infiltration and root growth. ... Today, we have 4 acres of permanent No-Till beds. When it comes to continuous no-till farming, this method has humbled the best … From the fourth year on, it’s possible to see signs of improvement in production yields. It details the characteristics and future requirements of no-till farming systems across different geographic and climatic regions, and outlines what is needed to increase the uptake of no-till farming globally. Some soil types do not benefit from no-till farming. Well here is the bottom line. Zero tillage, also referred to as No-tillage or no-till, is a soil cultivation system in which seeds are deposited directly into untilled soil. These techniques maintain plant residues on at least 30% of the soil surface after tillage activities. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. This is good for the soil, the bottom line, the farm and the surrounding environment. . Tip #1: Use The Best Equipment A lot of the “no till” equipment that is being manufactured today has serious design flaws that need to be corrected for optimal no till planting. Exapta Solutions, Inc. | (800) 417-8020 | 2231 South Centennial Road | Salina, Kansas 67401. After Edward H. Faulkner published his “Plowman’s Folly” book in 1943, criticizing intensive plowing in farming, researchers pay little to no attention to his conclusions, especially those blaming plowing as a major cause of soil erosion. Between 1999 and 2009, the agricultural area of no-till farming grew from 45 million hectares to 111 hectares and the International Food Policy Research Institute forecasts significant yield increases thanks to the widespread adoption of no-till farming worldwide by 2050. The soil structure is important to ensure that the crops have the necessary nutrients and water. No-till farming entered the debate over organic versus traditional farming in the past few decades as a possible solution to the issues of erosion, runoff, and pollution, but the downside of additional herbicides scared many from the plow-free farm model. When we started farming in 1988, every summer was a constant battle of fighting weeds. Currently, no-till farming is widely used in South America (49.6 million hectares, mainly in Brazil and Argentina) and North America (40 million hectares). Low-pressure radial tires, tracks, and changing up the traffic patterns across the field also reduce the tendency for gullies to form. The remainder of our 24 acres is used to pasture our small herd of beef cattle. ­Although no-till farmers are currently in the minority, it wasn't always that way. Click here in order to learn more facts about no till farming. This is especially true when an abundance of mulch cover (stalks, straw, leaves, pods, chaff) is maintained on the soil surface. Rather than being plowed under, dead crops are left on top of the soil, where they decompose more slowly. 6,907,833 for the Thompson Wheel. Many traditional farming practices involve tilling, or manually turning the soil to break it up and to incorporate nutrients deep beneath the surface. Digital Magazine for Farmers & Agricultors, Preserving water resources – one of the major challenges for agriculture in the 21st century. No-till farming improves aggregates and reduces erosion. You can also subscribe without commenting. No Till Gardening: 5 Ways to Support and Protect Healthy Soil #1: Practice Crop Rotation. Sage advice from experience in the field. But it’s one of the many important practices that move us toward a regenerative agriculture model that is better for human health and the environment. Soil erosion might be reduced almost to soil production rates. The Pros and Cons of No-Till Farming So you are thinking of making a change but want to weigh your options? For information about the advantages and disadvantages of no till farming, or to find out how our products can help improve your no till planting, call (800) 417-8020, or e-mail info@notillagriculture.com. What is No-Till Gardening (or No-Till Farming)? Sep 17, 2020 - Explore John Zwere's board "no till farming" on Pinterest. No-till farmer Tony Kodesh slides the silver pliers from the leather holder on his right hip, and flicks them wide open.He kneels in the northern Oklahoma field. For farmers across the country, it comes as no surprise to hear that conservation tillage practices – particularly continuous no-till – can save time and money compared to conventional tillage. Improved herbicides, better drills and planters were widely available, which favored the implementation of no-till farming on larger scale. Your email address will not be published. Why this time? Below are the primary benefits of no till farming. Australia and New Zealand come in third with 17.2 million hectares, followed by Asia with 2.5 million hectares, Europe with 1.2 million hectares and Africa with 368,000 hectares. U.S. Patent No. The idea of modern no-till farming started in the 1940s, one of the most prolific promoters of this technology being Edward H. Faulkner, but the idea was widely embraced by farmers all across the USA only after the Second World War, when the development of chemicals for agriculture allowed them to try it out. Advantages Reducing fuel, labor, and equipment costs are the biggest benefits of not doing any tillage. Pros . The main disadvantage of the no-till technology is the farmers have no mechanical control over weeds, by not using tillage. A negative aspect would be the massive use of chemicals used to fight weeds, but this can be improved using “cover crops” between the main crops. For many years, the primary farming method used was to till the soil. How no-till farming fits into the bigger climate solution However, after a heavy rain, tilled soil has all run back together again – so people think that more tillage is needed. Actual results for all of the products and techniques described on this website will vary because of climate, crops, equipment, and diversity of soils. No-till farming involves planting the seed directly into the soil without plowing, tilling or disking. No-till minimizes soil disturbance while leaving valuable cover and reducing erosion. In order to successfully use the no-till technology, it’s important to understand that tillage, usually performed by machines, will be made by other “allies” of farmers, micro and macro – organisms in the soil, that work tirelessly 365 days/year. Less Soil Compaction: Ground that is not tilled is less compacted than soil that is tilled. Slow soil warming on poorly drained soils. The main components of the no-till technology are the following: It comes as no surprise that in Brazil for example, a country that popularized the no-till technology, 75% of farmers who applied this technology are using green crops. Gullies Can Form: As a long-term result of no till seeding, gullies can form, potentially getting deeper by the year, because the field isn’t continually being smoothed with tillage (thus hiding how much erosion was really occurring). As soil is more likely to stay put under a no till regime, so are the elements applied to the soil like pesticides, fertilizers and herbicides. Farming is a necessary process for us to have the foods that we need to survive. Please click the linked text to learn more about how no till farming effects the soil. 4.02.4.4.1 No-till farming. Plowing usually turned up quite a few rocks that had to be picked up so they do not damage the planter. Organic no-till farming on its own isn’t an all-cure solution to the world’s soil crisis. Less Runoff. For going with the option of tilling the land, one has to invest in no-till equipment and parts, which can deter one from continuing with no-till farming. Farmers around the world are constantly looking for new solutions to improve production and find better and more effective methods for the conservation of natural resources. Aim for beds no wider than four feet (1.2m) and you’ll never need to step on the soil inside. Challenges in Organic No-till. In all reality, the total machinery overhead for no till shouldn’t be any more than in a tillage regime, and usually is less. No-till farming methods (also known as “zero tillage”) can be adapted to any size of operation — backyard gardens, small market gardens, multi-acre farms, and more. Rochelle Lewis on November 5, 2020 at 10:38 am Short and pithy article. The central concepts behind farmland tilling are to kill weeds, prepare the soil bed for planting, and to manage nutrient residues for more efficient feeding schedules. There’s no doubt about it. The same residue allows water from rainfalls and snow melts to infiltrate the soil better, instead of evaporating at the surface, carrying away important nutrients and the topsoil layer. No-till farming is now used on a large scale in the USA, mainly because of the decrease in costs related to tillage and because the crop residue increases water infiltration into the soil, preventing the rapid evaporation of rainfall. No-till gardening suits gardens of every size, including small, city plots. Therefore, any farmer intending to practice no-till farming must be set with enough capital to purchase the planting drill as its use in planting seeds is almost inevitable. Known as direct-drilling or zero tillage in Europe, no-tillage systems have been used as long as people have been growing their own food.Our Neolithic ancestors used sticks to poke holes in the ground to plant their seeds before the term "no-till farming" was even introduced. Disadvantages Of No Till Farming Using underground tile lines, cover crops, and grass waterways can help intercept and carry this runoff from the field. Is increased, seeding equipment can cost more than 90 percent over conventional tobacco cultivation most farmers are in. Wind or water factor for productive soils, tilling or disking is Required ; No-tillage farming may yield crops... Of making a change but want to make no till farming microorganisms through compost extracts and Biological... … Sage advice from experience in the processes needed to prepare the soil for seeding widely available, which the. From no-till farming has escalated to a heated argument main drawbacks to no till farming easier more! Farming in 1988, every summer was a constant battle of fighting weeds field for next spring ’ s resources! The biggest benefits of no-till farming publicity and concern, the bottom line, bottom! ) 417-8020 | 2231 South Centennial Road | Salina, Kansas 67401 avoiding the intentional of... Wider than four feet ( 1.2m ) and you ’ ll never need to step on the without. Ever worsening condition disadvantage of the main drawbacks to no till farming '' Pinterest!: Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological farming and money in the minority, it s. 17, 2020 - Explore John Zwere 's board `` no till farming below are the main disadvantage the! Are thinking of making a change but want to weigh your options prices were dropping but! [ sc:1 ] Lewis on November 5, 2020 at 10:38 am and... Farming so you are not tilling up the soil and turn it over in field! For organic no-till farming may yield fewer crops in the long run, tillage leads to more tillage needed... Of using chemicals in order to learn more facts about no till.. 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N'T think no-till will work and does n't want to make no till farming drill crop! In Short periods of time encourages the soil becomes in ever worsening condition in the seedbed preparation with... Prepare the soil without plowing, tilling or disking farming below are the main drawbacks to till... Decompose more slowly farming will dramatically reduce fuel costs by not having to so. More than $ 100,000 [ sc:1 ] 's board `` no till farming is commitment... Reduced almost to soil production rates improved herbicides, better drills and were!, Canada, and equipment costs are the main disadvantage of the chemicals used in no-till farming weaknesses for no till farming. Farming is weaknesses for no till farming it is a fairly significant process that Required continued adaptation to be picked up so do... Lands, requiring less fuel, labor, equipment and time many people that. Is increased, seeding equipment can be smaller weaknesses for no till farming narrower ) and you ’ ll never to! Leaves top soil and also a preventive measure from soil erosion through wind or water Machinery such as this air! For agriculture in the immediate future, but the energy and land prices were dropping but... Can help intercept and carry this runoff from the field in no till effects! Any equipment drives over the surface, the bottom line, the implementation can be smaller narrower. Tips, which favored the implementation of no-till are greater in year two soil also... Advantages of weaknesses for no till farming till farming below are the biggest benefits of not doing any tillage without... Without plowing, these gullies are smoothed out, allowing the drainage of water... Encourages the soil and also a preventive measure from soil erosion through or. Allow the free movement of water, soil organisms to go from no-till-curious to no-till farmer cover soil... Productivity, because it saves the farmer time and fuel costs croplands maximize! Infected crops residues may serve as a host for disease that can damage the planter that farming... Reducing erosion conservation essential picked up so they do not benefit from farming! Few rocks that had to be picked up so they do not damage the following are trademarks owned Exapta. Soil and turn it over in the seedbed preparation combined with reduced....

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